The Bucket Test
To determine if your water loss is caused by evaporation or a leak
Use the following steps to determine if your pool is leaking.
Bring the pool water to normal level. Fill a bucket with pool water to about five inches from the top.
Place the bucket on the first or second step of the pool. Ensure the bucket is immersed in the pool at least 5 inches.
Mark the water level inside the bucket.
Shut off the pump and mark pool water level on the outside of the bucket.
Resume normal pool pump operation.
After 24 hours, compare the two water levels. If the pool water (outside the mark) goes down more than the bucket's water level, there is probably a leak. If levels are the same, only evaporation has occurred.
In case of rain, repeat the bucket test. During a summer day, expect water loss from normal evaporation. Test is invalid after 24 hours.
A quarter inch of water loss per day is most likely evaporation. The evaporation rate in your area will depend on humidity, sunlight intensity, barometric pressure, wind and the level of activity in the pool or spa.
Thankyou to Vinal masters in America
e-PIPE -Pipe Lining System
ePIPE is a revolutionary system which uses patented products and technology to line the internals of small bore (up to 4) pipework which may suffer from leaks
due to pin
holes, loose/unglued fittings or small cracks and splits.
The ePIPE system has been
used successfully for many years in multiple industries overseas, including the swimming pool industry. It is currently used extensive-
ly in the UK for the lining of leaking mains water pipes and is now available to the UK pool industry, exclusively through Certikin. Successful projects have
already been undertaken.
Based on air pressure applied epoxy resin, e pipe provides a lining to a full or partial pool circulation system and comes with a five year installers guarantee. The
system is very unintrusive and eliminates the need for digging and replacing pipes saving money, reducing what can be serious disruption and significantly
reducing downtime for the operation of the pool.
By strategically controlling the flow of air within
a created sealed system,
the epoxy lining can be forced to the extremities of the internals of all pipe and fittings
offering a solid, but slightly flexible, continual fine (approx. 1mm) membrane within the pipe run. The molecule of the epoxy resin knit themselves together to pro-
vide a uniform coating which is resistant against balanced pool water.
No mechanical devices are gradients, angles, junctions and flowing bends can all be lined offering full peace of mind that even multiple leaks can be resolved. The
e PIPE process is not complete until a test shows that the pipe run in question
successfully holds pressure.
Un intrusive product applied down the pipe
no need for excavations
Quick and easy circulation systems can be
fully lined in a matters of days no need for
long down times or delays in pool operation
Thoroughly tested the process is not complete
until a successful pressure test is carried out on
a pipe run which was previously known to have
Tried and tested used on hundreds of pools
overseas and some UK installations have
already been successfully completed
Blow in place technology allows full control of
the resin and ensures an even distribution
over all surfaces including bends, angles,
gradients and junctions
Fine coating does not reduce flow rates
Applicable to almost any pipe up to 4 diameter
Can be applied to full or partial circulation
Fully resistant to balanced pool water and
standard operating temperatures
Guaranteed by the installer for five years
Multiple pipe leaks were resulting in heavy water loss - the ePIPE process solved the problem in
less than two days and with no need for any excavation or pipe replacement. (above).
To the left: internal images of lined pipes
ePIPE The Process
site and project will have different needs and pose different challenges,
but the overall process of applying the ePIPE lining system is as follows:
Information is collated (see below) in order to generate a provisional quote which
is subject to a site survey
A site survey will be carried out to assess access and suitability of the system. Following go ahead, a date of action will be specified and equipment
and technicians will assemble on site
Some work, in advance, to drain the pipe runs in question and disconnect pipework in the plant room will be required by others
Pressure test carried out to confirm issues with the identified pipe runs/systems
If required camera inspection performed to assess for severity of damage (NOTE large splits cracks or openings may not be solvable and will
require pipe replacement by others)
ePIPE equipment is connected to the circulation system.
An approved aggregate is fired down the pipe run to clean and scour, leaving a key for the ePIPE epoxy resin to bond to.
The pipe run is cleaned and warmed with blasts of hot air
The patented e PIPE epoxy resin is forced along the pipe runs via blow in place technology air pressure is used to control the flow of the product
the epoxy is forced to the extremities of the pipe and fittings internals
Once lined, hot air is passed to cure the product more quickly
A final pressure test is performed to confirm that the identified issues have been resolved
Re connection and re commissioning of the pool to be performed by others
A leaking skimmer line was resolved by isolating just that section o the circulation system and
applying the patented ePIPE product - no disturbance to the luxury pool surround was needed.
ePIPE - Required information for a provisional quote
The following information is required in order to allow a provisional quote to be raised:
Estimated water loss litres per 24hour period / OR
known pressure loss
Description and/or images of access to property and
Pool location indoors or outdoors
Description and/or images of pool surround
Access restrictions to plant room if any
Location of plant room in relation to pool
Diameter of pipe work installed
Style of pipework installed flexible/rigid/mix
Number of fittings:
Brand of fitting, e.g. Certikin
Estimated pipe run to each fitting from plant room
Any provisional quote will always be supported by a site visit if the quote is to be progressed this
may result in the quotation being revised.
Call John on 01904 341133